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Shin Splints

What is a shin splint?

– The term “shin splints” refers to pain along the inner edge of the shin bone between the knee and the ankle.
– Shin splints are an overuse injury, involving inflammation of the muscles, tendons and bone of the tibia.
– Shin splints occur with a sudden change of frequency and load of exercise.
– Those with poor arch support or flat feet are at higher risk of developing shin splints.
– Shin splints not treated can go on to develop into a stress fracture, tendinitis or chronic exertional compartment syndrome.
– Flat feet, muscle weakness in the thighs or buttocks, or improper training techniques are are culprits for shin splints.
– Running down hill, running on hard or uneven surfaces or ill fitting shoes can also exacerbate it, as can sports with rapid stops and starts such as skiing.
– Dancers, military recruits, and people who are likely to overuse muscles causing them to fatigue are also at risk of this condition.

What are the symptoms of a shin splint?

Symptoms of a shin splint include
– A dull ache in the lower leg at the front of the leg
– Tenderness along the inner part of the lower leg
– Pain on either side of the shin bone
– Mild swelling (not always)
– Pain often worse during exercise

What tests are used to diagnose a shin splint?
Shin splints can generally be diagnosed during Dr Herald’s examination, while x-rays may be called for if Dr Herald suspects a fracture or another condition.

What is the treatment for shin splint?

– Rest from exercise usually for two week
– Walking and swimming is ok in this time
– Foam rollers can be used to massage your shins
– Inflammation can be managed through anti-inflammatory medicine or paracetamol
– Wear proper fitting shoes
– Proper stretching and warm up before exercise
– Ice packs and cold compresses can help
– Arch supports for feet
– Proper stretching and warm up before exercise